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Author Guidelines

Article Submission Guidelines:

The length of articles submitted should be between 3,000-15,000 words.

MLA Format Summary:

Please note that your paper must conform to MLA style. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.

Please consult the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th edition) for more information on MLA format, or visit the MLA website at A useful online guide can also be found at

General Guidelines:

  • Please be sure to submit an abstract - this is required. Authors also need to submit a 'tweetable' abstract of approx. 120 characters (to allow room for links to paper). Download the MLO Guide to Using Twitter to Promote Your Work.
  • MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation, in which the author’s last name and the page of the citation are provided parenthetically after quotations and cited factual material.
  • Additional supporting information can also be made through the use of endnotes or footnotes -- please use Word’s “Insert Endnote”/”Insert Footnote” tool to do so.
  • A Works Cited section at the end of the article should provide full bibliographic information for sources cited in the article.
  • The text may use UK or US English, according to the author’s preference. However, please be consistent in such usage.
  • Submissions are also welcome in the relevant language for each section

Peer review process:

Submissions are refereed anonymously. Please note - in order to ensure an appropriate review, author name(s) should not appear anywhere on the submission.

To ensure blind peer-review for submissions to MLO, the identities of the authors and reviewers should not be revealed.

Authors of submissions should check that they have deleted their names from the text, with "Author" and year used in the references and footnotes, instead of the authors' name, article title, etc. Please also ensure that any identifying 'properties' have been removed from the Word document itself.

To start your submission click HERE


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  3. The submission and associated material conforms to MLA citation style and Modern Languages Open image guidelines (see point 5).
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. Images have been prepared separately from the manuscript document. These should be uploaded as individual JPG or TIFF files at the highest possible resolution. The manuscript should indicate in bold where you intend the images to appear, and should provide captions. Contributors are responsible for ensuring in advance of submission that all images and illustrations accompanying their work are explicitly licensed for digital use, or are in the public domain.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


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